Moving Australia


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Rapid Transit > Investing in Australia's Transport Future

Moving People - Solutions for Policy Thinkers

Moving People > Solutions for a Liveable Australia

Moving People > Solutions for a Growing Australia

Moving People > Coach solutions for driving land transport tourism

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Moving People from Workhorse to Thorughbred: Review of bus rapid transit and branded bus service performance in Australia and future opportunities

A major public policy debate has surrounded the relative success of bus priority and branding measures as compared with generic route services in attracting patronage. In this paper, a gross performance ratio is presented, to quantify the success for each of 7 Bus Rapid Transit and 20 Branded Bus Service systems as compared with regular route buses across six Australian capital cities.

The paper identifies the distinctive locational characteristics of various bus priority and brand identity initiatives as a way of controlling for influences that are not under the control of the offered services, so that various systems can be meaningfully compared, giving a net performance ratio. This allows an informed comparison between systems and cities, controlling for operating environment and other service characteristics. The results reinforce the merits of upgraded bus services both as standalone initiatives and also as an alternative to expensive, railbased infrastructure investment.

The Paper provides 6 key recommendations to support a progressive commitment to positioning bus-based services within the broader remit of government to provide value for money investment in public transport in our cities and regions throughout Australia.

Moving People LDTC 10 Year Strategy

Moving People > Coach solutions for driving land transport tourism

In April 2019, the BIC published a 10 year strategy policy document for driving land transport tourism. There are 9 key areas that all levels of government and industry should adopt to increase travel by coach to generate dispersal of tourists from major cities and attractions to regional Australia and grow Australia's tourism economy.

Key Strategic Areas

  1. New marketing strategy for coach travel
  2. Better data via market research
  3. Coach infrastructure in Australian cities and major regional towns
  4. Airport infrastructure and access
  5. National Parks access
  6. Addressing skills shortages
  7. Service and tourism investment incentives
  8. Heavy Vehicle Regulation
  9. Performance Based Disability Standards

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Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 11

Moving People in the Future: Land passenger transport and “new” mobility technology


This Paper explores socio-economic trends and their interaction with new technologies, largely by developing optimistic and pessimistic scenarios about how the future of land passenger transport might emerge in coming years.

In particular, the Paper discusses how Mobility-as-a- Service and AEVs might impact public transport service provision, distinguishing between trunk and local service offerings. It suggests that trunk public transport services will remain important components of urban passenger transport networks, because of the wider economic benefits that these services release, particularly in bigger cities. Concerns are expressed, however, about low volume local public transport services, the main value from which is social inclusion. Policy measures to help ensure that emerging transport technologies are net contributors to social welfare are outlined, including transport pricing reform, urban land use/transport planning to promote more compact towns and cities and to slow urban sprawl, together with shared mobility contracts to support social inclusion from local transport.

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Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 10

The value of getting there: mobility for stronger Australian regions


Mobility is a fundamental requirement for well-functioning regions and for the wellbeing of their residents (and visitors). This Paper first examines the potential for agglomeration economies from mobility improvements in Australian regions, concluding that this prospect is most likely to be relevant for those regions with the largest urban centres (e.g. 200,000 population).

The role of mobility in promoting social inclusion of regional residents is then explored, inclusion being supportive of personal wellbeing, strong communities and economic participation. The Paper highlights the importance of building bridging social capital to reduce risks of regional social exclusion. It shows that, while regional people at high risk of social exclusion may achieve relatively high trip making (mobility), they may still have problems taking trips that build their bridging social capital.

Supportive public transport services can play a role here, the paper suggesting supportive service standards for small regional towns. Discussing the groups of regional people most likely to be at risk of social exclusion because of poor mobility opportunities, this Paper highlights pre-school children as a new focus for policy and research attention. To better meet regional mobility needs and achieve more effective use of mobility-supporting resources (e.g. vehicles, people), this Paper proposes a central integrating role for Regional Accessibility Committees.

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Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers Special Edition

Australian Government’s role in the development of cities

Cities are becoming more complex and this poses challenges for policy and planning. Links between land use, transport, economic productivity, housing markets and social exclusion illustrate this complexity. Integrated governance is central to tackling such cross-cutting issues.

Awareness of the importance and urgency of taking more integrated approaches to city strategic land use transport policy and planning is widespread and practice is generally improving. However, the rate of improvement in land use transport planning capability in Australia, and more broadly, is running ahead of improvements in governance (and funding arrangements). This Paper is addressing “Sustainability transitions in existing cities” Section 1) and “Growing new and transitioning regional cities and towns (Section 2).

Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 9 

Improved public transport services supporting city productivity growth: an Australian city case study

Australian cities are increasingly pursuing compact settlement. This paper explores the opportunities to use urban structure to promote productivity growth. It examines the contribution of population and employment density and travel times.

This paper emphasises the need for an integration of land use transport in our inner/middle suburbs to enhance the sustainability and productivity growth of our cities. This paper analyses a Melbourne case study of six high-tech/knowledge based clusters, examining these clusters in relation to productivity, travel time performance and how density and travel times might support future cluster productivity.
Hobart - a corridors case study

Improving public transport service:Hobart – A corridors case study

Hobart faces more traffic congestion problems and slower public transport unless city planners make sensible land-use and transport decisions going forward, an independent report commissioned by the Bus Industry Confederation has found.

The report, prepared by the Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies at the University of Sydney, noted that Hobart was very low density and car dependent, and that structural changes in the economy were leading to the highest productivity jobs being located in central or inner parts of the city.

The author of the report, Professor John Stanley, said jobs were moving in at the same time as people were moving out for cheaper housing, and Hobart’s fringe densities were as low as they went in Australian cities.

Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 8

Local government roles in C21 integrated land use transport planning

State and federal government roles have been important discussion points in  various previous Policy Papers in the Policy Thinkers Series, but local government’s role has received less attention. This Policy Paper examines ways in which local government can support the major development directions and, based on the conclusions from the governance Policy Paper 6 (see below), be recognised as a vital partner in so doing.

It does this by looking first at desirable development directions for our cities and regions, then exploring local government roles in these directions, at both the strategic and local levels. In producing this Policy Paper, we do not seek to cover all bases in these areas but focus mainly on matters associated with land use transport integration, and closely related matters.

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Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 7

National Guidelines: Bus Services Procurement and Bus Service Contracts

Policy Paper 7 is a 'national guideline' on bus services procurement and bus service contracts.

The bus and coach industry has, for a long time, fostered relationships with academics, industry experts and government, to grow public transport services and patronage and to help develop contractual frameworks that support this growth.
These connections and experience have been utilised in preparing the enclosed guidelines. It is intended that these national guidelines will help to explain Industry’s position on key contractual matters relating to route and school services.

Importantly, these guidelines have been framed with public value uppermost in mind, while recognising the importance of a financially viable bus industry if quality bus services are to be provided on a sustainable basis for our communities.

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Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 6

Governance for integrated urban land use transport policy and planning

Australia is relatively unusual in having state governments responsible for (speaking for) capital cities. This role is more commonly associated with local government in some format. The difficulties Australian cities have in establishing and pursuing integrated strategic land use transport policy directions over time is partly a function of our adversarial political environment.

This Paper looks at governance, with a particular focus on integrated governance in land use transport policy and planning and how it might be improved in Australian cities, to enable them to deliver better economic, social and environmental outcomes.

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Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 5

Urban land use transport integration and the vital role for Australia’s forgotten inner/middle suburbs

Australia’s capital cities are all seeking to achieve more compact settlement patterns, as an essential element for improving their long term sustainability. The inner/middle suburbs are vital to successful outcomes. This is where most urban Australians live and work but surprisingly little policy focus has been accorded to these suburbs.

This paper examines how strategic land use transport policy in our major cities can be shaped to promote productivity growth and better share the benefits from this productivity growth more widely among city residents.

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Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 4

A ‘20 minute city’ is one in which most people are able to undertake most activities needed for a good life within a 20 minute walk, cycle or public transport trip from where they live. Transport is a very important lever for taking action to achieve a metropolitan area that consists of a series of smaller 20 minute cities, each of which might comprise one or more neighbourhoods. The paper focuses mainly on the roles of density, supportive public transport requirements and walking in achievement of the 20 minute city. 

This Policy Paper puts forward that a neighbourhood structure embedded in a 20 minute city, with good local and regional transport choices, is likely to promote many positive outcomes in terms of personal and societal wellbeing, enhance liveability (which is already a strong international brand for our cities), as well as being cost effective to service and supportive of increased economic productivity. Flowon effects will include lower traffic congestion levels, improved health outcomes, lower accident costs, reduced emissions (greenhouse gases and air pollutants) and greater social inclusion. 


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Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 3

BIC’s various Moving People publications have made the case for increasing the provision of public transport services in Australia’s cities, both because of the benefits these deliver for service users but also, and perhaps more importantly, for the wider nationally significant economic, social and environmental benefits they deliver. A current Australian infrastructure backlog of about $150b has recently been estimated. Public transport forms an important part of this backlog. 

In Public Transport Funding Growth in Urban Route Services we examine funding opportunities to support the provision of improved public transport route service levels in Australian cities, drawing on international experience, particularly from North America.

Policy Thinkers Series 2 Policy Thinkers Series 2 (1481 KB)

Published 2014

Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 2

Overall urban densities in our cities to increase by 50-100 per cent, minimum density targets and an objective of zero growth in vehicle kilometres travelled.

These are some of the recommendations in  Sustainable Transport in Australian Cities: Targeting Vehicle Kilometres of Travel authored by Professor John Stanley from the University of Sydney Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies. Professor Stanley is Adjunct Professor and Bus Industry Confederation Senior Research Fellow in Sustainable Land Transport.

This policy paper, the second in the BIC's Moving People: Solutions for Policy Thinkers series takes a unique approach to understanding the challenges of Australian cities and the interrelationship between land use strategies and reducing vehicle kilometers travelled.

Policy Thinkers Series 1 Policy Thinkers Series 1 (2826 KB)

Moving People > Solutions for Policy Thinkers 1

Pricing is the hot button issue in the infrastructure and transport policy space.

In all of the Bus Industry Confederations(BIC) Moving People publications (3 reports), the BIC has highlighted that paying our way for the use of our roads is the key to ensuring that infrastructure gets built when and where it is needed.

The BIC supports the development of a comprehensive user pays system for all road users that is based on the costs of maintaining and building roads and externalities related to driving that will generate future revenue to fund infrastructure and pay for better public transport services.

The BIC’s most recent publication is titled Pricing Opportunities for Australia: Paying Our Way in Land Transport, written by Professor John Stanley at the University of Sydney’s Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies.


Rapid Transit Rapid Transit (10034 KB)

Published 2014


Rapid Transit> Investing in Australia's Transport Future

This report has been developed as a result of the Bus Industry Confederation undertaking a two week Rapid Transit Study Visit of  North America in August and September of 2012 and information collected by the BIC’s internal research program.

The report analyses the advantages of building Rapid Transit against benefits which can be achieved by simply improving existing transport networks, modal considerations notwithstanding.

There is an emphasis placed, throughout this report,on the cost effectiveness of Rapid Transit as opposed to existing public transport. There is also an emphasis placed on the end user benefits and impacts of systems and how they relate to patronage on Rapid Transit systems.

Moving People - Solutions for a Liveable Australia Moving People - Solutions for a Liveable Australia (2590 KB)

Published 2013


Moving People > Solutions for a Liveable Australia

This is the next chapter in BIC’s vision for how we move people in Australia. 

This  policy statement sees the BIC taking the lead in the national discussion on how we fund moving people infrastructure and services in the future.  The aim of the report is to generate discussion about how Australia should shape its future land transport policy, to promote national goals for productivity, sustainability, lieveability and social inclusion.  It builds on our earlier report, Moving People:Solutions for a Growing Australia, taking a more place-based approach than that report and looking closely at funding opportunities. 

Moving People - Solutions for a Growing Australia Moving People - Solutions for a Growing Australia (2218 KB)

Published 2010

Moving People > Solutions for a Growing Australia

Read about the 7 point National Plan to deliver:

  • Increased investment in public transport
  • Freight capacity investment and efficiency improvements
  • Road pricing reform
  • Improved accessibility for all
  • More compact, walking and bicycle friendly urban settlements
  • Improved fuel efficiency
  • Improvements in transport research and information

Moving People Across Australia Moving People Across Australia (1443 KB)

Published 2011

Moving People Across Australia > Long Distance, Tour, Charter & Express

Read BIC's policy on:

  • A National Land Transport Tourism Plan - key strategic actions
  • Industry Challenges and Opportunities - vehicle mass and access, regional and remote social exclusion, accreditation, licensing and the disability standards for accessible public transport

Moving People - A National Priority Moving People - A National Priority (515 KB)

Published 2007

Moving People - A National Priority

Read about the major issues confronting personal travel in Australia and why it is so critical to have a national transport plan and what we can do now to affect the change:

  • Congestion
  • Safety
  • Climate Change - Air | Noise Pollution
  • Social Exclusion
  • Health
  • Oil Price Impacts

Moving People - Building a Public Transport Culture Moving People - Building a Public Transport Culture (823 KB)

Published 2001

Building a Public Transport Culture

Read about the start of BIC's journey to change "government thinking" on travel choices of Australians.  The beginning of how we can offer more than just a "car" as a means for moving people to where they need to go and when they need to go.

These are the goals, the pillars upon which a Moving People vision was built:

  • Access. Australians should be able to travel to their destinations on timely and convenient services.
  • Equity. The basic levels of mobility appropriate for Australia.
  • Safety.
  • Environment. An industry commitment to continued improvement in our environmental performance.
  • Efficiency.  To always encourage our industry to reach higher standards and
  • Visibility. Promoting passenger transport choices to the community.

Day in the Life - Australian Bus and Coach Industry - a snapshot of a typical day in the businesses and people that make Moving People a daily reality 24/7 every day of the year.

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Download the low-res Flash version.

Day_in_the_Life Day_in_the_Life (34284 KB)

Bus Rapid Transport - Transport Solutions for Australian Communities

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